Water Meters: A Basic Understanding
There are many uses for water meters, even in the modern-day. A water meter is a device that measures the rate of supply of water used by residential or commercial users. There are three basic types of mechanical (not electronic) measuring devices: rotary, turbine, and positive displacement; however, some newer models also measure electricity usage. When you read your electric meter it’s actually taking into account the voltage of your power usage over time – this is like tracking how much time you run red lights vs. green lights (number of rotations). These older-style water meters were designed to do exactly what they’re doing today – track volume without taking into account the pressure. Water meters are used around the country by municipalities to help regulate water usage and enforce conservation laws, ensuring Water Rights (constitutional guarantees of access to water), Water Pollution Prevention (reducing toxins in wastewater), Water Savings (the efficient use of WATER), Water Treatment (removing contaminants from wastewater before it’s discharged into waterways), Water Conservation (reducing demand for freshwater), Water Leak Detection & Repair (minimizing loss through leaks or breaks in pressurized distribution lines). Water meters may also be used in single-family homes that have septic tanks.
A basic understanding of how a meter works is helpful to understand what your bill means when you get one – not every utility bill will include this information, but a good number will. Water meters measure the volume of water that passes through a given point, usually expressed in cubic feet or cubic meters depending on the country you live in. The inner workings of a meter have been relatively unchanged since their invention. Water is flowing from a pipe into your house at a certain rate – let’s say 100 gallons per minute. If you wanted to measure how much water was used by your household, you would need to know what percentage of the total volume (gallons) was used up by each person, appliance, or even time period (days).
How Does A Water Meter Work?
Water meters work by measuring the amount of time it takes for a specific volume of water to flow through the meter. The meter will measure in either cubic feet or liters depending on the country you live in. Once the meter measures the desired volume, it will stop the clock and record the time it took for that volume to pass through. This information is then used to calculate your water consumption for that specific period of time.
How Is Water Consumption Measured?
In order to understand how water usage is measured by a meter, let’s give an example using simple math… if every member of your family uses 10 gallons of water per day; and there are 30 days in one month, you would use 300 gallons of water per month.
Water meters are designed to read the number of cubic feet (or cubic meters) of water used at a given time, so they can’t give you an exact number of how many gallons were used — that means that you need to do some basic math to figure out your usage. Using our example above…
- if the meter reads “34” then you know that 34/12 = 2.83 cubic feet were used.
- Taking 10 * 2.83 = 28.3, which is rounded up to 29 for simplicity – this tells us that each member of the household averaged about 30 gallons per day, or 10 per person.
Water rates can vary based on geographical location, size of home or business, and even time of year – but this is a general understanding of your water metering device. Water meters are typically installed in the front lawn near the street (outdoors or indoors, depending on preference). Water meters can be analog (need to manually read) or digital (reading directly from the meter; often includes usage statistics); either way, they’re easy enough to understand with some basic knowledge of what you’re reading.
Water Meter History
The first water meter called “Hunter Water-Meter” was patented by an American. It consisted of a vertical glass tube partly filled with mercury so that it could rotate freely within a metal housing also containing a submerged paddlewheel assembly. The wheel was linked to an indicating dial which was driven by means of a gear train and hand-cranked. The device was designed to measure the volume of water passing through a given point in a pipe, but it was not very accurate. Water meters have come a long way since then!
- Take showers instead of baths: A five-minute shower will use about 25 gallons of water while a bath can use up to 80 gallons.
- Turn off the faucet when you are brushing your teeth or shaving: A running faucet can waste about two gallons per minute.
- Check for leaks and fix them right away: A leaky faucet can waste hundreds of gallons of water each month, so it’s important to check regularly and fix any leaks as soon as you find them.
- Use a dishwasher: Washing dishes by hand can use up to 20 gallons of water, but a dishwasher uses only six or seven.
- Water plants early in the morning or late in the evening: This will help reduce evaporation and save you some water.
- Install a water meter: If you’re not already using one, installing a water meter can help you keep track of your water consumption and understand how to best conserve water in your home.
Water meters are an important way for homeowners and businesses to measure their water use. By understanding how much water is being used on a daily or monthly basis, people can take the necessary steps to conserve this valuable resource. There are many ways to reduce your water bill, but the most important thing is to be aware of how much water you are using each day. Sometimes excess water use can be a sign of other problems, such as hidden water leaks in your slab. With these tips and a little bit of effort, you can easily save money on your next water bill!